第三篇 The Value of Tears
Tears can ruin make-up, bring conversation to a stop, and give you a runny nose. They can leave you embarrassed and without energy. However,crying is a fact of life…and tears are veryuseful. (1)These create a film over the eye's surface. This film contains a substance that protects your eyes against infection.
Tears relieve stress,but we tend to fight them for all sortsof reasons. "People worry about showing their emotions. They’re afraid that once they lose control, they’ll never get it back,”explains psychologist Dorothy Rowe. (2) As adults we still fear the consequences of showing emotions.”
Almost any emotion—good or bad, happy or sad—can cause tears. Crying is a way that we release built-up emotions. Tears help you when you feel you are ready to explode because of very strong feelings. (3)
When some people become very stressed, however, they can’t cry. They may be feeling shock,anger, fear, or grief, but they repress the emotion. “Everyone has the need to cry,” says psychotherapist Vera Diamond. Sometimes in therapy sessions, patients participate in crying exercise (4) Diamond says it’s best to cry in safe, private places,like under the bed coversor in the car. That’s because many people get uncomfortable when others cry in front of them. In fact,they may be repressing their own need to cry.
In certain situations, such as at work, tears are not appropriate. (5) “But once you are safely behind closed doors, don't just cry,” Diamond says, she suggests that you act out the whole situation again and be as noisy and angry as you like. It will help you feel better. “And,” she adds, “once your tears have released thestress, you can begin to think of logical way to deal with the problem.”
Tears are a sign of our ability to feel. You should never be afraid to cry.
make-up n. 化妆(品)
psychotherapist n. 心理治疗师
runny nose 流鼻涕
infection n. 感染，传染
release v. 释放
built up 组合的，拼合的
1. …create a film over the eye’s surface ：……在眼睛的表面形成一层薄膜。
2. …get it back…：……恢复……
3. …act out the wholesituation again…： ……整个场景重现……
A It may explain why people who areafraid tocry often suffer more heart attacksthan people cry more freely.
B It’s good to hold backtears during a tense business discussion.
C Crying has good effects on the body.
D Even when you're not crying, your eyes producetears.
E They practice crying so that they can get used toexpressing emotion.
F As children we were sometimes punished for shedding tears or expressing anger.
1. D 此空的上一句讲到眼泪很有用，后一句讲到眼泪的具体用处，并且句首是these，所以所填的这句应该有眼泪，根据上下文只有选项D最适合。选项C与前一句话意思重复。
2. F 下文提到作为成人，我们仍然害怕流泪，所填的这句应该讲我们还是孩子时对流泪的恐惧。所以，答案是选项F。
3. A 上文讲到哭能够帮助我们发泄心中的强烈情感，所以经常哭的人会比不常哭的人获得某种益处，根据上下文，只有选项A比较贴切。
4. E 上文提到患者要练习哭，这里应该讲练习哭的原因。所以，答案是选项E。
5. B 上一句提到在某些场合哭是不合适的，所以此处也应该具体解释不适合哭的场景，答案是选项B。