The Invention of the telephone
In the nineteenth century, the invention of the telegraph made it possible to send noises, signals, and even music over wires from one place to another. However, the human voice __1__ this way. Many inventors tried to find a __2__ to send a voice over wires, and in 1876 some of their efforts were crowned with success. ___3___ American inventors, Alexander Graham Bell and Elisha Gray, __4__ at almost the same time. The United States Supreme Court finally had to decide which of the two __5__ the first inventor of the telephone. The Court decided __6__ Bell's favor.
Born in Edinbrug, Scotland, Bell grew up in a family __7__ was very interested in teaching people to speak. His grandfather had been an actor who left __8__ to teach elocution; his father was a teacher __9__ deaf-mutes learn how to speak.
However, probably none of the __10__ inventions gave Bell the same feeling of triumph __11__ he had on the day when he spilled some acid from his batteries. It was after he had worked for months to find ways to send something more __12__metallic twangs over the wires. Thinking Watson, __13__, was in the next room, Bell called, "Mr.Watson, __14__. I want you." Watson was not in the next room. He was down in his laboratory, __15__ to the receiver. To Watson's surprise, he heard the words perfectly. He ran to tell Bell the news: the wires had carried Bell's voice perfectly.
1. A) had never traveled B) never had traveled
C) was never traveled D) never was traveled
2. A) solution B) key C) way D) mean
3. A）Two B) The two C) The two of D) Of two
4. A) was succeeded B) have succeeded
C) succeeded D) was succeeding
5. A) was B) to be C) being D) having been
6. A) at B) on C) to D) in
7. A) that B)where C) in which D) who
8. A) a theatre B) theatre C) theatres D) the treatre
9. A) which was helped B) that was helped
C) who helped D) who has helped
10. A) later B) latter C) lately D) afterwards
11. A) like B) to C）which D) as
12. A) of B) / C) as D) than
13. A) being his helper B) was his helper
C) his helper D) to be his helper
14. A) come here B) come up C) go away D) go down
15. A) besides B) beside C) next D) by
People from different cultures sometimes do things that make each other uncomfortable, sometimes without realizing it Most Americans ___1___ out of the country and have very ___2___ experience with foreigners. But they are usually spontaneous, friendly and open, and enjoy ___3___ new people, having guests and bringing people together formally or informally. They tend to use first names ___4___ most situations and speak freely about themselves. So if your American hosts do something that ___5___ you uncomfortable, try to let them know how you feel. Most people will __6__ your honesty and try not to take you uncomfortable again. And you'll all __7__ something about another culture!
Many travelers find __8__ easier to meet people in the U.S. than in other countries. They may just come up and introduce themselves or even invite you over __9__ they really know you. Sometimes Americans are said to be __10__. Perhaps it seems so, but they are probably just __11__ a good time. Just like anywhere else, it takes time to become real friends __12__ people in the U.S..
If and when you __13__ American friends, they will probably __14__ introducing you to their friends and family, and if they seem proud __15__ you, it's probably because they are. Relax and enjoy it!
1. A) have never been B) have been never C) has never been D) has been never
2. A) a little B) little C) much D) a great deal
3. A) meet B) to meet C）meeting D) to have met
4. A) on B) among C) within D) in
5. A) makes B) make C) made D) making
6. A) praise B) honor C) appreciate D) confirm
7. A) pick B) select C) learn D) study
8. A) this B) it C) them D) /
9. A) when B) if C)after D)before
10. A) superficially friend B) superficial friend
C) superficially friendly D) superficial friendly
11. A) having B) taking C) making D) killing