(1)Voluntary learning in organized courses by mature men and women is called adult education. Such education is offered to make people able to enlarge and interpret their experience as adults. Adults may want to study something which they missed in earlier schooling, get new skills or job training,find out about new technological developments, seek better self-understanding, or develop new talents and skills.
(2)This kind of education may be in the form of self-study with proper guidance through the use of libraries, correspondence courses, or broadcasting. It may also be acquired collectively in schools and colleges, study groups, workshops, clubs and professional associations.
(3)Modern adult education for large numbers of people started in the 18th and 19th centuries with the rise of the Industrial Revolution. Great economic and social changes were taking place:people were moving from rural areas to cities; new types of work were being created in an expanding factory system. These and other factors produced a need for further education and re-education of adults.
(4)The earliest programs of organized adult education arose in Great Britain in the 1790s, with the founding of an adult school in Nottingham and a mechanics' institution in Glasgow.
Benjamin Franklin and some friends found the earliest adult education institution in the U.S. in Philadelphia in 1727.
(5)People recognize that continued learning is necessary for most forms of employment today.
For example, parts of the adult population in many countries find it necessary to take part in retraining programs at work or even to learn completely new jobs. Adult education programs are springing up constantly to meet these and other needs.
A. Necessity for developing adult education
B. Early days of adult education
C. Ways of receiving adult education
D. Growth of adult education
E. Institutions of adult education
F. Definition of adult education
27. Some adults want to learn
28. There are various forms of adult education, including __________.
29. Adult education has been made necessary by __________.
30. The earliest organized adult education originated in ___________.
A. by social and economic changes
B. guided self-study and correspondence courses
C. by studying together with children
D. what they did not manage to learn earlier
E. dates back to the eighteenth century
F. mass production
27.D。题干：一些成人想要学习__________。首先结合搭配和句意判断，选项中只有A和D合适。再利用learn作为答案线索词判断答案相关句在第一段的最后一句：Adults may want to study something which they missed in earlier schooling，get new skills or job training，find out about new technological developments，seek better self-understanding，or develop new talents and skills.故选D。
28.B。题干：有多种形式的成人教育，包括__________。利用forms作为线索词定位到第二段的第一句This kind of education may be in the form of self-study with proper guidance through the use of libraries.correspondence courses，or broadcasting，故答案为B。
29.A。题干：成人教育因为——而变得必要。利用necessary作为答案线索词，则在第三段的最后一句找到答案相关句：These and other factors(great economic and social changes)produced a need for further eduction and re—education of adults，因而答案为A。
30.E。题干：最早的有组织的成人教育源自——。利用earliest作为答案线索词，在第四段的第一句找到答案相关旬：The earliest programs of organized adult eduction arose in Great Britain in the 1790s.故选E。