1.At midnight,we were aroused by a knock at the door.
A.irritated B.awakened C.arisen D.annoyed
2.She was awarded a prize for the film.
A.given B.rewarded C.sent D.reminded
3.Smoking will be banned in all public places here.
A.forbidden B.allowed C.permitted D.promoted
4.That guy is intelligeng but a bit dull.
A.strange B.special C.quiet D.boring
5.She is a highly successful teacher.
A.fairly B.rather C.very D.moderately
6.We should not sacrifice environmental protections to foster economic growth.
A.reduce B.promote C.realize D.give
7.There is a growing gap between the rich and the poor.
A.conflict B.tension C.gulf D.confrontation
8.I am very grateful to you for your assistance.
A.helpful B.hopeful C.pitiful D.thankful
9.You will be meeting her presently.
A.shortly B.currently C.lately D.probably
10.Attitudes to mental illness have shifted in recent years.
A.displayed B.shown C.changed D.demonstrated
11.I have been trying to guit smoking.
A.give up B.pick up C.build up D.take up
12.Relief workers were shocked by what they saw.
A.moved B.touched C.surprised D.worried
13.The weather is a constant subject of conversation in Britain.
A.question B.problem C.title D.topic
14.This is not typical of English,but is a feature of the Chinese language.
A.particular B.characteristic C.remarkable D.idiomatic
15.It is virtually impossible to persuade him to apply for the job.
A.simply B.almost C.totally D.completely
Scotland:A Land of Wisdom
In the 1740s,the famous French philosopher Voltaire said“We look to Scotland for all our ideas of civilization.”That’s not a bad advertisement for any country when it comes to attracting people to search for a first-class education.
According to the American author Arthur Herman,the Scots invented the modern world itself.He argues that Scottish thinkers and intellectuals worked out many of the most important ideas on which modern life depends-everything from the scientific method to market economics.Their ideas did not just spread among intellectuals,but to those people in business,government and the sciences who actually shaped the Western world.
It all started during the period that historians call the Scottish Enlightenment(启蒙运动),which is usually seen as taking place between the years 1740 and 1800.Before that,philosophy was mainly concemed with religion.For the thinkers of the Scottish Enlightenment,the proper study of humanity was mankind itself.
Their reasoning was practical.For the philosopher David Hume,humanity was the right subject for philosophy because we can examine human behavior and so find real evidence of how people think and feel.And from that we can make judgments about the societies we live in and make concrete suggestions about how they can be improved,for universal benefit.
Hume’s enquiry into the nature of knowledge laid the foundations for the scientific method-the pursuit of truth through experiment.His friend and fellow resident of Edinburgh,Adam Smith,famously applied the study of mankind to the ways in which mankind does business.Trade,he argued,was a form of infrmation.In pursuing our own interests through trading in markets,we all come to benefit each other.
Smith’s idea has dominated modern views of economics.It also has wide applications.He was one of the philosophers to point out that nations can become rich,free and powerful through peace,trade and invention.
Although the Scottish Enlightenment ended a long time ago,the ideas which evolved at that time still underpin(构成……的基础)our theories of human exchange and enquiry.It also exists in Scotland itself in an educational tradition that combines academic excellence with orientation(方向).
16.Scotland is the right place to receive a first-class education.
A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned
17.According to Arthur Herman,the Scots developed many important ideas which modern life depends on.
A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned 18.Philosophers had come to know the importance of studying humanity even before the Scottish Enlightenment took place.
A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned
19.David Hume was the first philosopher to study mankind.
A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned
20.Smith’s idea has extensive applications.
A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned
21.Our current theories of human exchange and enquiry have nothing to do with the ideas developed during the Scottish Enlightenment.
A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned
22.Smith died in 1800.
A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned
Ceasing to Wear Ties
1It’s useless.It’s dirty.It spreads disease.That’s why the British Medical Association in the UK recently called for hospital doctors to stop wearing ties.
2That leads to another question.Why does anyone wear a tie?Ties serve no purpose.They do not cover any part of your body and keep you warm.They always seem to get covered in food stains.Perhaps that is the purpose of the tie.It lets everyone know what you just ate.
3Ties have an odd history.Soldiers from Croatia,in Eastern Europe,served as mercenaries(雇佣军)in various conflicts in the 17th century.They were identified by brightly colored pieces of silk worn around the neck.Known as cravats(围巾),these became a popular fashion item in France and evertually evolved into the tie.
4It’s an interesting story,but it doesn’t tell us why men want to put useless pieces of cloth or silk around their necks.The answer seems to be about identification(身份证明).In the 19th-century Britain,ties were used by universities,military regiments(团),sports clubs,schools and gentleman’s clubs.Each tie was in a particular set of colors which identified the wearer as a member of that organization.Wearing ties was also the mark of Britain’s most powerful classes.That made the tie itself a symbol of power and respect.And that led it to be adopted by a much larger class-the business class.
5You cannot wear a tie if you work with machinery.So wearing a tie became a sign that you were a man who used his brain to make a living,rather than his hands.It showed you were serious.It showed you were a professional.It meant that everyone who wanted a job in business had to wear one.It was just impossible to take seriously a man who did not wear a piece of colored silk around his neck.This is how millions of people came to wear ties across the world.
6Is there a future for ties?The signs are not promising.Many political leaders,including British Prime Minister Tony Blair,now go without ties.
23.Paragraph 2 _______.
24.Paragraph 3 _______.
25.Paragraph 4 _______.
26.Paragraph 5 _______.
A.Origin of the tie
C.Uselessness of the tie
E.Role of the tie
F.Signs of a tieless era
27.The British Medical Association suggested that.
28.Ties were first worn by the Croatian soldiers.
29.People wore different ties in Britain in the 19th century to show that.
30.British Prime Minister Tony Blair is a man.
A.they were workmen
B.they wrere members of different organizations
C.hospital doctors stop wearing ties
D.who does not always wear a tie
E.who served as mercenaries in many conflicts in the 17th century
F.who does not want to live like a king
第一篇His Own Way to Express Love
Yesterday was our three-year anniversary.We didn’t do anything romantic;we just walked hand in hand and talked about our past and the future.This was pretty much what I had expected.
Andy is an unromantic guy:no sweet words or roses.Smart as he is,he is a little bit shy expressing his love.In contrast,I am an outspoken(直言不讳)girl who likes to show her feelings directly.So needless to say,I often feel that he is insensitive.I envy other girls who are surrounded by sweet words.
I was in this sullen mood until I heard a beautiful sentence one day:“If one does not love you the way you like,it does not mean that he does not love you.”This simple but sensible sentence made me think about our happy days and recall his deep concern for me.
One cold winter night,I got a high fever.He hurried to my dormitory and took me to the hospital.He was in such a hurry that he even forgot to wear socks.After arrival,he ran through the hospital handling all the formalities(手续).When I was put on a drip(点滴),he told me interesting stories to make me happy.Being held in his warm arms and listening to his tender(温柔的)voice,I had never felt so safe and comfortable.Gradually,I fell asleep.When I woke up 15 minutes later,he was still mumbling(咕哝地说)to me.He explained that if he had stopped talking I would have woken up.At that moment,I found love in his eyes.
Another time,I had a bad quarrel with my best friend.Although I knew it was my fault,I refused to admit it.I was very angry when he insisted I apologize to her.He said that it was difficult to admit a mistake,but this was what everyone should do.The next morning,I apologized to my friend and asked for her forgiveness.
My unromantic boyfriend cares about my health like my father,understands my like my mother and helps me like my elder brother.
31.Who is Andy?
A.The writer’s father.
B.The writer’s uncle.
C.The writer’s elder brother.
D.The writer’s boyfriend.
32.When did the writer and Andy fall in love?
A.Three years ago.
B.Two days ago.
C.On a cold winter night.
D.After a quarrel.
33.Which statement is true of the writer?
A.She likes running after romantic guys.
B.She does not like sweet words.
C.She likes expressing her feelings directly.
D.She does not like roses.
34.The writer tells the reader two stories to show that
A.Andy is a romantic guy.
B.Andy has his own way to express love.
C.Andy is an insensitive guy.
D.Andy is a foolish guy.
35.The word“sullen”(paragraph 3)could be best replaced by
第二篇Good Table Manners
Manners play an important part in making a favorable impression at the dinner table.Here are some general rules:
The meal begins when the host unfolds his or her napkin.This is your signal to do the same,so place your napkin on your lap.Unfold it completely if it is a small napkin,or in half,lengthwise(纵向地),if it is a large dinner napkin.
If you need to leave the table during the meal,place your napkin on your chair as a signal to your server that you will be returning.Once the meal is over,place your napkin neatly on the table to the right of your dinner plate.Do not refold it.
Use a napkin only for your mouth.Never use it for your nose,face or forehead.
Use of utensils(餐具)
Start with the knife,fork or spoon furthest from your plate,and work your way in,using one utensil for each course.
If soup is served,remember to spoon away from yoursefl.This helps stop the drips.Do not put the entire soup spoon in your mouth.Instead,fill a soup spoon about 75 per cent with soup,and sip(啜饮)it from the side noiselessly.
After finishing dinner,place the knife and fork parallel to one another across the plate with the knife alade facing inward toward the plate.
Using your fingers
Here’s a list of finger foods:sandwiches,cookies,small fruits or berries with stems,French fries and potato chips,and hamburgers.
Chew(咀嚼)with your mouth closed and don’t make noise;don’t talk with your mouth full.
Bread must be broken with your hands.It is never cut with a knife.
Don’t pick something out of your teeth.Instead,excuse yourself to the bathroom.
If possible,try not to cough at the table.
Do not put your elbows(肘)on the table.In France,it is essential to have both hands above the table at the same time.
Do not put bones or anything else on the table.Things that are not eaten should be put on your plate.
36.Where is the napkin normally placed during the meal?
A.On your chair.
B.On the table.
C.On your lap.
D.On your plate.
37.The napkin is used only for
38.Which utensil is used first?
D.The one farthest from the plate.
39.All of the following are finger foods except
40.Which of the following shows good table manners?
A.Talking with your mouth full.
B.Putting bones on your plate.
C.Putting your elbows on the table.
D.Chewing with your month open.
第三篇A Debate on the English Language
A measure declaring English the national language is under intense debate in the United States.The US Senate passed two declarations last week.One calls English the nation’s official language and the other says it is the “common and unifying(统一的)”tongue.But Americans found themselves divided on the issue.
Since people worldwide know that most Americans speak only English,many can’t understand why the issue is so controversial(有争议的).
“The discussion is related to fears of immigration issues,”says Dick Tucker,a social scientist at Pittsburgh’s Carnegie Mellon University.“It’s related to a worry about the changing demography(人口统计)of the US.It’s a worry about who will continue to have political and economic influence.”
In fact,the notion of protecting the language has been kicked around almost since the nation’s founding.John Adams lobbied(游说)in 1780 for the creation of a national academy to correct and improve the English language.But his proposal died,since lawmakers saw it as a royalist(保皇主义者)attempt to define personal behavior.
Since then,the country hasn’t had a national language,but the idea of recognizing the special status of English lived on.
The emotions surrounding language resurface(再次浮现)not because people feel comfortable with English.It is more about the discomfort many Americans feel with the new languages,says Walt Wolfram,a professor at North Carolina State University.
“Language is never about language,”he says.
According to the 2000 US Census Bureau report,of 209 million Americans over 18 years old,172 million speak only English at home.About 37 million speak languages other than English.Among them,6.5 million speak poor English and 3.1 million don’t speak English at all.
41.What are the two declarations concerned with?
A.The status of the English language.
B.The protection of new languages.
C.The rights to speak one’s mother tongue.
D.The improvement of the English language.
42.Who suggested in the 18th century that English should be protected?
43.Which of the following is the current debate NOT related to?
A.The immigration issues.
B.The changing demography.
C.The worry about the new languages.
D.The US’s military strength.
44.Which statement is true according to the 2000 US Census Bureau report?
A.172 million Americans speak only English in their work places.
B.37 million Americans speak English.
C.209 million Americans are above the age of 18.
D.6.5 million Americans speak good English.
45.The phrase“kicked around”(paragraph 4)could be best replaced by
Charlotte Hollins knows she faces a battle.The 23-year-old British farmer and her 21-year-old brother Ben are fighting to save the farm from developers that their father worked on since he was 14.(46)
“You don’t often get a day off.Supermarkets put a lot of pressure on farmers to keep prices down.With fewer people working on fams it can be isolating,”she said.“There is a high rate of suicide and farming will never make you rich!”
Oliver Robinson,25,grew up on a farm in Yorkshire.(47)“I’m sure dad hoped I’d stay,”he said.“I guess it’s a nice,straightforward life,but it doesn’t appeal.For young,ambitious people,farm life would be a hard world.”For Robinson,farming doesn’t offer much“in terms of money or lifestyle.”Hollins agrees that economics stops people from pursuing farming rewards:“providing for a vital human need,while working outdoors with nature.”
Farming is a big political issue in the UK.(48)The 2001 foot and mouth crisis closed thousands of farms,stopped meat exports,and raised public consciousness of troubles in UK farming.
Jamie Oliver’s 2005 campaign to get children to eat healthily also highlighted the issue.This national concern spells(带来)hope for farmers competing with powerful supermarkets.(49)
“I started going to Farmers’ Markets in direct defiance(蔑视)of the big supermarkets.
(50)It’s terrible,”said Londoner Michael Samson.
A.But he never considered staying on his father and grandfather’s land.
B.While most people buy food from the big supermarkets,hundreds of independent Farmers’ Markets are becoming popular.
C.While confident they will succeed,she lists farming’s many challenges:
D.Young people prefer to live in cities.
E.I seriously objected to the super-sizing of everything-what exactly DO they put on our apples to make them so big and red?
F.“Buy British”campaigns urge(鼓励)consumers not to buy cheaper imported foods.
Every city in the world has taxis to take tourists to interesting places.London is the only city in the world where taking a taxi is an (51)experience for tourists.This is partly because of the special black cabs,which are found in no other country.But it is also because of the drivers themselves.(52)British people are famous for being polite and reserved,London cabbies are well-known(53)their willingness to talk.
Some customers say that once the door shuts and the cab(54)off they are a captive(监禁了的)audience.It is impossible to get the taxi driver to stop (55).“They’re self-confident and free thinking,”said Malcolm Linskey,the author of a history of taxi drivers in London.
They are also expensive.London has the most expensive taxis of any city in the world except Tokyo.That’s why Ken Livingstone,the Mayor of London,is planning to make taxi drivers negotiate their fares with(56)before they take a ride.
Drivers agree that their fares are expensive.That’s because their black taxis(57)more than other cars,they say.And the customer is also paying for more driving expertise(专门知识)than anywhere else in the world.
Before someone can qualify as a London taxi driver,that person has to pass a test (58)simply as “The Knowledge”.This involves(59)the name and location of every street within six miles of a point in the exact centre of London.The trainee(受训者)must also learn the exact location of every important building within these streets.Finally he or she must be able to use this knowledge to work out the (60)distance between any two destinations within this area.
It can(61)up to three years to pass“The Knowledge”.Every day it is possible to see trainee taxi drivers on the streets of London,taking careful notes of popular destinations before tracing the route to their next stop.Cab driving is a job often(62)down in families.Many taxi drivers take their children out in their spare time to memorize(63)they need to know when it is their turn to do “The Knowledge”.
London cabbies also have bigger brains.Recent research found that the part of the brain that remembers things was larger and more(64)in cab drivers.They have to fit the whole of London into their heads,so their brains grow bigger.So perhaps it is not(65)that taxi drivers have lots to say.
51.A.rewarding B.interesting C.happy D.delightful
52.A.Before B.After C.When D.While
53.A.for B.as C.of D.at
54.A.departs B.leaves C.moves D.takes
55.A.arguing B.saying C.teling D.talking
56.A.customers B.hosts C.guests D.bosses
57.A.buy B.cost C.sell D.consume
58.A.called B.entitled C.known D.understood
59.A.to memorize B.memorize C.memorized D.memorizing
60.A.shortest B.shortish C.shortened D.short
61.A.spend B.take C.give D.bring
62.A.inherited B.sent C.handed D.given
63.A.numbers B.routes C.shapes D.people
64.A.constructed B.concentrated C.devoted D.developed
65.A.surprising B.wondering C.doubting D.suspecting