An Early Form of Jazz Music
Music comes in many forms; most countries have a style of their own. At the beginning of the last century, 1 jazz was born, America had no prominent 2 of its own. No one knows exactly when was invented or by whom. But it began to be 3 in the early 1890s. Jazz is America's contribution to 4 music. In contrast to classical music, which 5 formal European traditions, jazz is spontaneous and free in form. It bubbles with energy, 6 the moods, interests, and emotions of the people. In the 1920s jazz 7 like America. And so it does today. The 8 of the music are as interesting as the music itself. American Negroes, or blacks, as they are called today, were the jazz pioneers.
They were brought to the Southern states 9 slaves. They were sold to plantation owners and forced to work long hours. When a Negro died his friends and relatives 10 a procession to carry to body to the cemetery. In New Orleans, a band often accompanied the __ 11 . On the way to the cemetery the band played slow, solemn music suited to the occasion. 12 on the way home the mood changed. Spirits lifted. Death had removed one of their number, but the living were glad to be 13 . The band played __ 14 music, improvising on both the harmony and the melody of the tunes 15 at the funeral. This music made everyone want to dance. It was an early form of jazz.
1. when (定语从句)
3. it began to be heard 音乐开始被听到
4. popular music流行音乐
5. follow formal European traditions 遵循欧洲传统
6. express the mood 表达心情
7. sound like听上去像
8. the origins of the music音乐的起源
9. as slaves作为奴隶
10. form a procession 组成队伍
11. accompany the procession 伴随队伍
13. glad to be alive 高兴地活着
14. play happy music 演奏轻快的音乐
15. play at the funeral 葬礼上演奏的