| Enrollment in college is still climbing, but students are increasingly saying no to graduate school in the United States.
New enrollment in graduate schools fell last year for the second consecutive year, according to a report from the Council of Graduate Schools.
美国研究生院委员会(Council of Graduate Schools)发布的一份报告显示，去年美国研究生入学人数连续第二年下降。
The declines followed surges in enrollment in 2008 and 2009 as many unemployed workers sought a haven during the recession. Financial considerations probably played a role in the shift. Students may be dissuaded from continuing their education in part because of the increasing debt burden from their undergraduate years.
Additionally, state budget cuts are forcing public institutions to reduce aid for graduate students, who in some disciplines have traditionally been paid to attend postgraduate programs.
The number of students enrolled in master’s and doctoral programs (excluding law and certainother first professional degrees like M.D.’s) declined by 1.7 percent from the fall of 2010 to fall 2011.
2011年秋季硕士和博士课程入学人数比2010年秋季下降了1.7%（不包括法学以及医学博士[MD]等其他第一专业学位[first professional degree]）。
Among American citizens and permanent residents, matriculation fell by 2.3 percent. Incontrast, temporary residents increased their enrollment by 7.8 percent.
Temporary residents made up 16.9 percent of all students in American graduate schools, and thatfigure has been growing as foreign governments pay for more of their citizens to obtaineducation in the United States, particularly in technical areas. Temporary residents represented 45.5 percent of all students enrolled in engineering graduate programs in the United States, and 42.4 percent of those in American mathematics and computer science graduate programs.
The changes in 2011 varied by discipline, with education having the biggest drop-off in new graduate enrollment at 8.8 percent.