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  定语从句

  在复合句中起定语作用的从句叫做定语从句。定语从句分为两种:限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句。本节主要讲解各个关系代词及关系副词引导的定语从句、介词与关系代词的连用、准关系代词as,以及非限制性定语从句

  1、关系代词 who,whom,whose,which,that引导的定语从句

  例1 The company official __ I thought would be fired received a raise .

  A.whom B.whoever C.who D.of whom

  【答案】C(1998年40题) 定语从句中I thought 作插入语,who作主语。

  注:以下情况只用that 不用which 或who:考 易网提供

  (1)先行词被形容词最高级或序数词修饰时,如:He is the tallest man that I have ever seen.(此处不用who,因为前面有最高级修饰)

  (2)先行词前有any,all,the only,the very,the last,no时,如:She is the very person that we are looking for.(此处不能用who,因为前面有the very修饰)

  (3)先行词all,little,something,anything,nothing,mush,few等不定式代词时,如:Is there anything that I can do for you?(此处不用which,因为先行词位anything)

  (4)先行词既有人又有物时,如;We are talking about the persons and the things that we remember.(先行词为the persons and the things,人和物,故用that)

  例2 Of those ____ had applied for the jobs,only two were accepted. A.persons B.that C.who D.which

  【答案】B(1999年考题)

  2、关系副词 when,where,,why引导的定语从句

  例: We live in a time ____,more than ever before in history,people are moving.

  A.what B.when C.which D.where

  【答案】B(2006年11月19题)

  3、关系代词前带介词的定语从句

  例1 The tsunami(海啸)____ over 160,000 people were killed was a terrible disaster for human beings.

  A.of that B.among which C.during that D.in which

  【答案】D(2005年11月24题)

  例2 This is the dictionary ____ Idepend a lot whenever I have peoblems with new words.

  A.with which B.in which C.on which D.for which

  【答案】C(2004年4月19题) 注:介词后面的关系词不用that。

  4、准关系代词as

  as 也可以用来引导定语从句。用作关系代词的as通常与such,the same,as连用。或者用在句首,指代后面的一句话,如as is known to all,as we all know,as is often the case 等。

  例1 I will buy the same shirt as you have. 我将买和你同样的衬衫。

  例2 He spoke in such easy English as everybody could understand. 他用大家都可以理解的简单英语说话。

  例3 ___ is well-known,the environment in China is badly in need of improvement.

  A.It B.That C.As D.What

  【答案】C(2007年4月18题)

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