Can College Village Heads Plan Really Help?
Due to the Grand College Enrollment Plan, thenumber of university graduates has been on theincrease since the central government startedimplementing the plan. Though the plan helpsimprove our national quality,it creates pressure forthe job markets. With so many college studentscoming out at a time, many graduates havedifficulties in finding suitable jobs. In order to create more jobs, the government encouragescollege graduates to work in villages of 28 provinces and regions with a view that ruraladministration willbe strengthened at the same time. As a result, tens of thousands collegegraduates have been appointed as village officials in the rural areas. It appears that this planhelps alleviate the pressure caused by graduate employment, but I do not think the plan willwork in the long run.
Firstly, after serving as village officials in the rural areas for two years, the majority of thosecollege village officials will start to look for jobs in the job market again, aggravating thepressure of the job market. Some may argue that the number of those village officials whoenter the job market again is balanced by the number of new college graduates who would beappointed as village officials. The truth is that while those students have spent two years in therural areas, they do not gain enough experience in the corporate world and are likely to forgetwhat they have learnt in college. In this sense, they are not guaranteed to find decent jobsagain. Besides, when working in the rural areas, these students with higher degrees arerespected by village people, and are likely to get accustomed to feeling superior to peoplearound them. One can imagine they would probably be frustrated when they work with thosewho hold the same college degrees or even higher degrees.
Secondly, when the supply of college graduates and the demand of our society are unbalanced,the imbalance can be obtained by increasing available jobs or decreasing the supply ofcollege graduates, which means the reduction of college enrollment. Given the fact that theeconomy slows down in the recent, it is difficult to create more jobs. While offering good termsfor graduates such as well-paid salary and residential certificate guarantee, the governmentcan create more jobs in the short term, but does not provide long-term remedy. In this sense,the plan does not solve the fundamental imbalance between the supply and the demand ofcollege graduates.
In sum, the plan to encourage college graduates to work in the rural areas can only provide atemporary remedy for the job market. I think the government should recognize thefundamental imbalance and find the way back to elite education.