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  1 Faithful representation is a fundamental characteristic of useful information within the IASB’s Conceptual framework

  for financial reporting.

  Which of the following accounting treatments correctly applies the principle of faithful representation?

  A Reporting a transaction based on its legal status rather than its economic substance

  B Excluding a subsidiary from consolidation because its activities are not compatible with those of the rest of the

  group

  C Recording the whole of the net proceeds from the issue of a loan note which is potentially convertible to equity

  shares as debt (liability)

  D Allocating part of the sales proceeds of a motor vehicle to interest received even though it was sold with 0%

  (interest free) finance

  2 Which of the following statements relating to intangible assets is true?

  A All intangible assets must be carried at amortised cost or at an impaired amount; they cannot be revalued

  upwards

  B The development of a new process which is notexpected to increase sales revenues may still be recognised as

  an intangible asset

  C Expenditure on the prototype of a new engine cannot be classified as an intangible asset because the prototype

  has been assembled and has physical substance

  D Impairment losses for a cash generating unit are first applied to goodwill and then to other intangible assets before

  being applied to tangible assets

  3 Each of the following events occurred after the reporting date of 31 March 2015, but before the financial statements

  were authorised for issue.

  Which would be treated as a NON-adjusting event under IAS 10 Events After the Reporting Period?

  A A public announcement in April 2015 of a formal plan to discontinue an operation which had been approved by

  the board in February 2015

  B The settlement of an insurance claim for a loss sustained in December 2014

  C Evidence that $20,000 of goods which were listed as part of the inventory in the statement of financial position

  as at 31 March 2015 had been stolen

  D A sale of goods in April 2015 which had been held in inventory at 31 March 2015. The sale was made at a

  price below its carrying amount at 31 March 2015

  [nextpage]

  4 Metric owns an item of plant which has a carrying amount of $248,000 as at 1 April 2014. It is being depreciated

  at 12½% per annum on a reducing balance basis.

  The plant is used to manufacture a specific product which has been suffering a slow decline in sales. Metric has

  estimated that the plant will be retired from use on 31 March 2017. The estimated net cash flows from the use of

  the plant and their present values are:

  Net cash flows Present values

  $ $

  Year to 31 March 2015 120,000 109,200

  Year to 31 March 2016 80,000 66,400

  Year to 31 March 2017 52,000 39,000

  –––––––– ––––––––

  252,000 214,600

  –––––––– ––––––––

  On 1 April 2015, Metric had an alternative offer from a rival to purchase the plant for $200,000.

  At what value should the plant appear in Metric’s statement of financial position as at 31 March 2015?

  A $248,000

  B $217,000

  C $214,600

  D $200,000

  5 Pact acquired 80% of the equity shares of Sact on 1 July 2014, paying $3·00 for each share acquired. This

  represented a premium of 20% over the market price of Sact’s shares at that date.

  Sact’s shareholders’ funds (equity) as at 31 March 2015 were:

  $ $

  Equity shares of $1 each 100,000

  Retained earnings at 1 April 2014 80,000

  Profit for the year ended 31 March 2015 40,000 120,000

  ––––––– ––––––––

  220,000

  ––––––––

  The only fair value adjustment required to Sact’s net assets on consolidation was a $20,000 increase in the value of

  its land.

  Pact’s policy is to value non-controlling interests at fair value at the date of acquisition. For this purpose the market

  price of Sact’s shares at that date can be deemed to be representative of the fair value of the shares held by the

  non-controlling interest.

  What would be the carrying amount of the non-controlling interest of Sact in the consolidated statement of

  financial position of Pact as at 31 March 2015?

  A $54,000

  B $50,000

  C $56,000

  D $58,000

[nextpage]

  6 The IASB’s Conceptual framework for financial reportingdefines recognition as the process of incorporating in the

  financial statements an item which meets the definition of an element and satisfies certain criteria.

  Which of the following elements should be recognised in the financial statements of an entity in the manner

  described?

  A As a non-current liability: a provision for possible hurricane damage to property for a company located in an area

  which experiences a high incidence of hurricanes

  B In equity: irredeemable preference shares

  C As a trade receivable: an amount of $10,000 due from a customer which has been sold (factored) to a finance

  company with no recourse to the seller

  D In revenue: the whole of the proceeds from the sale of an item of manufactured plant which has to be maintained

  by the seller for three years as part of the sale agreement

  7 At 31 March 2015, Jasim had shareholders’ funds (equity) of $200,000 and debt of $100,000.

  Which of the following transactions would increase Jasim’s gearing compared to what it would have been had

  the transaction NOT taken place?

  Gearing should be taken as debt/(debt + equity). Each transaction should be considered separately.

  A During the year a property was revalued upwards by $20,000

  B A bonus issue of equity shares of 1 for 4 was made during the year using other components of equity

  C A provision for estimated damages was reduced during the year from $21,000 to $15,000 based on the most

  recent legal advice

  D An asset with a fair value of $25,000 was acquired under a finance lease on 31 March 2015

  8 Germane has a number of relationships with other companies.

  In which of the following relationships is Germane necessarily the parent company?

  (i) Foll has 50,000 non-voting and 100,000 voting equity shares in issue with each share receiving the same

  dividend. Germane owns all of Foll’s non-voting shares and 40,000 of its voting shares

  (ii) Kipp has 1 million equity shares in issue of which Germane owns 40%. Germane also owns $800,000 out of

  $1 million 8% convertible loan notes issued by Kipp. These loan notes may be converted on the basis of

  40 equity shares for each $100 of loan note, or they may be redeemed in cash at the option of the holder

  (iii) Germane owns 49% of the equity shares in Polly and 52% of its non-redeemable preference shares. As a result

  of these investments, Germane receives variable returns from Polly and has the ability to affect these returns

  through its power over Polly

  A (i) only

  B (i) and (ii) only

  C (ii) and (iii) only

  D All three

[nextpage]

  9 Tibet acquired a new office building on 1 October 2014. Its initial carrying amount consisted of:

  $’000

  Land 2,000

  Building structure 10,000

  Air conditioning system 4,000

  –––––––

  16,000

  –––––––

  The estimated lives of the building structure and air conditioning system are 25 years and 10 years respectively. When

  the air conditioning system is due for replacement, it is estimated that the old system will be dismantled and sold for

  $500,000. Depreciation is time apportioned where appropriate.

  At what amount will the office building be shown in Tibet’s statement of financial position as at 31 March 2015?

  $’000

  A 15,625

  B 15,250

  C 15,585

  D 15,600

  10 To which of the following items does IAS 41 Agricultureapply?

  (i) A change in the fair value of a herd of farm animals relating to the unit price of the animals

  (ii) Logs held in a wood yard

  (iii) Farm land which is used for growing vegetables

  (iv) The cost of developing a new type of crop seed which is resistant to tropical diseases

  A All four

  B (i) only

  C (i) and (ii) only

  D (ii) and (iii) only

  11 Wilmslow acquired 80% of the equity shares of Zeta on 1 April 2014 when Zeta’s retained earnings were $200,000.

  During the year ended 31 March 2015, Zeta purchased goods from Wilmslow totalling $320,000. At 31 March

  2015, one quarter of these goods were still in the inventory of Zeta. Wilmslow applies a mark-up on cost of 25% to

  all of its sales.

  At 31 March 2015, the retained earnings of Wilmslow and Zeta were $450,000 and $340,000 respectively.

  What would be the amount of retained earnings in Wilmslow’s consolidated statement of financial position as at

  31 March 2015?

  A $706,000

  B $542,000

  C $498,000

  D $546,000

[nextpage]

  12 IFRS requires extensive use of fair values when recording the acquisition of a subsidiary.

  Which of the following comments, regarding the use of fair values on the acquisition of a subsidiary, is correct?

  A The use of fair value to record a subsidiary’s acquired assets does not comply with the historical cost principle

  B The use of fair values to record the acquisition of plant always increases consolidated post-acquisition

  depreciation charges compared to the corresponding charge in the subsidiary’s own financial statements

  C Cash consideration payable one year after the date of acquisition needs to be discounted to reflect its fair value

  D Patents must be included as part of goodwill because it is impossible to determine the fair value of an acquired

  patent, as, by definition, patents are unique

  13 The following trial balance extract relates to a property which is owned by Veeton as at 1 April 2014:

  Dr Cr

  $’000 $’000

  Property at cost (20 year original life) 12,000

  Accumulated depreciation as at 1 April 2014 3,600

  On 1 October 2014, following a sustained increase in property prices, Veeton revalued its property to $10·8 million.

  What will be the depreciation charge in Veeton’s statement of profit or loss for the year ended 31 March 2015?

  A $540,000

  B $570,000

  C $700,000

  D $800,000

  14 Under certain circumstances, profits made on transactions between members of a group need to be eliminated from

  the consolidated financial statements under IFRS.

  Which of the following statements about intra-group profits in consolidated financial statements is/are correct?

  (i) The profit made by a parent on the sale of goods to a subsidiary is only realised when the subsidiary sells the

  goods to a third party

  (ii) Eliminating intra-group unrealised profits never affects non-controlling interests

  (iii) The profit element of goods supplied by the parent to an associate and held in year-end inventory must be

  eliminated in full

  A (i) only

  B (i) and (ii)

  C (ii) and (iii)

  D (iii) only

[nextpage]

  15 Which of the following statements about IAS 20 Accounting for Government Grants and Disclosure of Government

  Assistanceare true?

  (i) A government grant related to the purchase of an asset must be deducted from the carrying amount of the asset

  in the statement of financial position

  (ii) A government grant related to the purchase of an asset should be recognised in profit or loss over the life of the

  asset

  (iii) Free marketing advice provided by a government department is excluded from the definition of government grants

  (iv) Any required repayment of a government grant received in an earlier reporting period is treated as prior period

  adjustment

  A (i) and (ii)

  B (ii) and (iii)

  C (ii) and (iv)

  D (iii) and (iv)

  16 In a review of its provisions for the year ended 31 March 2015, Cumla’s assistant accountant has suggested the

  following accounting treatments:

  (i) Making a provision for a constructive obligation of $400,000; this being the sales value of goods expected to be

  returned by retail customers after the year end under the company’s advertised 30-day returns policy

  (ii) Based on past experience, a $200,000 provision for unforeseen liabilities arising after the year end

  (iii) The partial reversal (as a credit to the statement of profit or loss) of the accumulated depreciation provision on

  an item of plant because the estimate of its remaining useful life has been increased by three years

  (iv) Providing $1 million for deferred tax at 25% relating to a $4 million revaluation of property during March 2015

  even though Cumla has no intention of selling the property in the near future

  Which of the above suggested treatments of provisions is/are permitted by IFRS?

  A (i) only

  B (i) and (ii)

  C (ii) and (iii)

  D (iv)

  17 At 1 April 2014, Tilly owned a property with a carrying amount of $800,000 which had a remaining estimated life

  of 16 years. The property had not been revalued. On 1 October 2014, Tilly decided to sell the property and correctly

  classified it as being ‘held-for-sale’. A property agent reported that the property’s fair value less costs to sell at

  1 October 2014 was expected to be $790,500 which had not changed at 31 March 2015.

  What should be the carrying amount of the property in Tilly’s statement of financial position as at 31 March

  2015?

  A $775,000

  B $790,500

  C $765,000

  D $750,000

[nextpage]

  18 Johnson paid $1·2 million for a 30% investment in Treem’s equity shares on 1 August 2014.

  Treem’s profit after tax for the year ended 31 March 2015 was $750,000. On 31 March 2015, Treem had $300,000

  goods in its inventory which it had bought from Johnson in March 2015. These had been sold by Johnson at a

  mark-up on cost of 20%. Treem has not paid any dividends.

  On the assumption that Treem is an associate of Johnson, what would be the carrying amount of the investment

  in Treem in the consolidated statement of financial position of Johnson as at 31 March 2015?

  A $1,335,000

  B $1,332,000

  C $1,300,000

  D $1,410,000

  19 Hindberg is a car retailer. On 1 April 2014, Hindberg sold a car to Latterly on the following terms:

  The selling price of the car was $25,300. Latterly paid $12,650 (half of the cost) on 1 April 2014 and would pay

  the remaining $12,650 on 31 March 2016 (two years after the sale). Hindberg’s cost of capital is 10% per annum.

  What is the total amount which Hindberg should credit to profit or loss in respect of this transaction in the year

  ended 31 March 2015?

  A $23,105

  B $23,000

  C $20,909

  D $24,150

  20 Which of the following current year events would explain a fall in a company’s operating profit margin compared

  to the previous year?

  A An increase in gearing leading to higher interest costs

  B A reduction in the allowance for uncollectible receivables

  C A decision to value inventory on the average cost basis from the first in first out (FIFO) basis. Unit prices of

  inventory had risen during the current year

  D A change from the amortisation of development costs being included in cost of sales to being included in

  administrative expenses

  (40 marks)

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